Proofs Using Coordinate Geometry
What You'll Learn
To use coordinate geometry to prove that a flag design includes a rhombus, as in Example 2
Building Proofs in the Coordinate Plane
In Lesson 5-1, you learned about midsegments of triangles. A trapezoid also has a midsegment. The is the segment that joins the midpoints of the nonparallel opposite sides. It has two unique properties.
Theorem 6-18 Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem
(1) The midsegment of a trapezoid is parallel to the bases.
(2) The length of the midsegment of a trapezoid is half the sum of the lengths of the bases.
|| , || , and MN = (TP + RA).
Formulas for slope, midpoint, and distance are used in a proof of Theorem 6-18.
Planning a Coordinate Geometry Proof
Developing Proof Plan a coordinate proof of Theorem 6-18.
- Given is the midsegment of trapezoid TRAP.
- Prove || , || , and MN = (TP + RA).
- Plan Place the trapezoid in the coordinate plane with a vertex at the origin and a base along the x-axis. Since midpoints will be involved, use multiples of 2 to name coordinates. To show lines are parallel, check for equal slopes. To compare lengths, use the Distance Formula.
The rectangular flag at the left is constructed by connecting the midpoints of its sides. Use coordinate geometry to prove that the quadrilateral formed by connecting the midpoints of the sides of a rectangle is a rhombus.
- Given MNPO is a rectangle.
T, W, V, U are midpoints of its sides.
- Prove TWVU is a rhombus.
- Plan Place the rectangle in the coordinate plane with two sides along the axes.
Use multiples of 2 to name coordinates.
A rhombus is a parallelogram with four congruent sides. From Lesson 6-6, Example 2, you know that TWVU is a parallelogram. To show , use the Distance Formula.
Coordinate Proof: By the Midpoint Formula, the coordinates of the midpoints are T(0, b), W(a, 2b), V(2a, b), and U(a, 0). By the Distance Formula,
TW = =
WV = =
VU = =
UT = =
, so parallelogram TWVU is a rhombus.
Exercises Click here to view the Exercises for this lesson.